IoT and IIoT: what is the difference
In general, IoT and IIoT (the Internet of things and the industrial Internet of things) are very similar technologies. Moreover, not only by name but also by the principle of functioning. They make our world easier.
The main difference is that they are designed to solve various kinds of problems. This means that their development is moving at approximately the same pace, but the probability of their intersection is reduced to zero.
In this article we will talk about what both of these technologies are and we will analyze their similarities and differences.
IoT and IIoT - widespread and largely different technologies
Recently, they just say that about the Internet of things. And the fact that it happens and industrial, few people know. Nevertheless, this is also a very important area for development with its own concepts and implementation schemes, which are very important for the development of our consumer society.
Due to the fact that the names of both technologies are consonant, those who are not particularly versed in these areas might think that IIoT somehow slowly penetrates our lives, unlike IoT. And can this be due to the incompetence of specialists in this industry or to the reluctance / uselessness to increase production efficiency?
The answer is negative. Those who think that IIoT stands still and that those who work on it are inferior to the developers of IoT devices are mistaken. To understand the current situation and some deeper detail, we will compare these two concepts, expressed in 10 differences.
10 differences between IoT and IIoT technologies
Before we start discussing the differences, let's highlight the similarities. It is one that IoT and IIoT provide the creation of some standardized protocols that allow devices from different manufacturers to communicate with each other and act together.
By the way, not all smart devices are able to interact with each other. But this problem will soon be solved with the help of our product - the Uline.pro platform, which is designed to standardize the process of creating smart devices for their subsequent trouble-free communication among themselves.
Our startup will make it possible to place smart devices from various manufacturers in homes, offices and other places, which could function perfectly without giving errors and responding to commands or signals of their “colleagues”.
Let's get back to the differences between IoT and IIoT:
- The goals of the advent of technology. IoT was created to facilitate the daily life of people, create a comfortable life, safety and economy of living in a house or apartment. IIoT was created with the goal of increasing profitability in production.
- Failure price. If the coffee maker fails, then you will most likely just meet the next morning in a bad mood. But if at the production any important device fails, then this can stop the work of the whole plant, which is more catastrophic.
- Sensitivity of consumers to the cost of appliances. In the case of IoT, it is low. Smart products are relatively new for us, so the image component and utility in everyday life do their job. For IIoT, it is high, since there are usually a lot of devices installed, they cost a lot, because they must be efficient and reliable. Here, any shift in price can be perceived painfully.
- Speed of implementation. IoT devices are usually quickly deployed - they are not much more expensive than the usual, unremarkable technology, are configured for one or two. But IIoT devices need a special approach. To modernize production will require a long planning process and a lot of money. Even if a partial modernization is carried out, it will still be time consuming.
- The impact of service costs. In IoT, it is low - if any part fails, it can be quickly replaced and this will not create a negative impression about the manufacturer. Smart devices are not too expensive, so the buyer even expects breakdowns and will not be surprised at the fact of their appearance. But in the case of IIoT, everything is a little more difficult - it will take time to replace a failed part. It is necessary to identify exactly where and what is broken, and then get to this place. And now keep in mind that while searching for a breakdown place, ordering the necessary part from the manufacturer and replacing it, the production will stand.
- The complexity of the apparatus. IoT has it low - here you just need to make conditional and simple actions in real time. For example, to include music on command. But IIoT has it high - there is already a process of modeling a whole chain of actions in production, identifying potential risks and organizing interaction between units.
- Information processing speed. In the IoT area, reacting immediately to a command or giving an answer in a few tens of seconds is normal. Within the framework of production, such tricks will not work. Indicators must be processed with lightning speed, otherwise what is the point of replacing a person with a machine?
- The amount of data used. IoT devices can process several megabytes per day, but IIoT devices work with a large amount of data - up to a petabyte per day.
- Impact on jobs. At IoT, it is low - robotic cleaners cannot completely replace a housemaid yet, but they do not require the creation of new professions, for example, any operator of a robot vacuum cleaner. In IIoT, things are different - here manual labor is reduced and the need for qualified personnel is created that is able to establish the work of high-tech equipment.
- Information security risks are high, only in the case of IIoT, this indicator will be critically high. For example, the stolen personal data of the owner of a smart device can cause cashing of money in a bank account by third parties, apartment thefts and other actions unpleasant for one particular person. Gaining access to the servers of a large enterprise can lead to industrial disaster.
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